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如何提高你的雅思写作分数·连贯性2(附雅思写作范文)

更新时间:2018-10-05 12:30:10点击次数:846次字号:T|T

在《如何提高你的雅思写作分数·连贯性》的第一篇中,我们主要讲到了雅思写作评分标准雅思写作TASK1评分标准雅思写作TASK2评分标准)中的“你如何将你的想法组织成段落”;在这篇中,中加雅思·留学将继续就连贯性进行拓展——


雅思写作评分标准之连贯性第2点:每段中的主题思想都很清晰吗?这些主题思想从逻辑上是否自然衔接?


如果这一点看起来很熟悉,那就对了!这一点和雅思口语需要注意的点是一模一样的,同样是雅思写作评分标准的要求。如果之前你忽略了这一点,那么在这里,中加雅思·留学再次重复。



低分连贯性作文与高分连贯性作文在连贯性上的区别

在连贯性方面得分低的文章在逻辑上往往存在缺失。换句话说,文章可能没有以一种清晰的逻辑去展开观点。文章写得越长就越容易出现这种偏离雅思写作评分标准的问题。在连贯性方面得分低的雅思作文包含过度使用过度词,即反复使用相同的过渡词和短语。


连贯性高分作文一般会有多种衔接语和标记语(标记语包括哪些?点击查看)。这些衔接手段有助于清晰地、逻辑地传达想法,并且没有任何明显的唐突感。



提高连贯性的建议

将过渡词/过渡短语添加到您的词汇表中。通过使用不同的连接词,文章会读起来更加连贯通顺,更加像雅思写作评分标准靠拢; 多多练习使用不同的连接词后,你会发现你写的文章连贯性会越来越好。
 
连贯性高的作文一般会使用“指示词”来连接想要表达的意思。指示词就是用一个词去指向之前说过的词/句。例如 “I get along well with Jim. I find that he has a lot to say about politics.“请注意,这样写会比” I get along well with Jim. I find that Jim has a lot to say about politics.“更通畅连贯。如果你发现文章中有很多重复的词,那你就应该适当使用指示词了,掌握代词会有所帮助。

到真正写作文的时候怎么用指示词?这里提供另一个例子,包含两个指示词:


- 低分连贯性作文:Adam’s roommate was upset because he didn’t wash his dishes after dinner last night. Adam often forgets to wash his dishes.


- 高分连贯性作文(符合雅思写作评分标准):Adam’s roommate was upset because he didn’t wash his dishes after dinner last night. This is common for him.


中加雅思·留学将提供《如何提高你的雅思写作分数》系列文章,从词汇使用、语法准确性和完整性等方面为考生提供备考参考,并附上雅思写作范文,请持续关注中加雅思·留学。



附雅思写作范文(高分)

Some people think cars are the best way to get around a city, while others prefer cycling. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Getting around a city by car or bicycle poses advantages and disadvantages. This essay will examine both before declaring a preference.

There are two obvious benefits to travelling around a city by car. The first is speed. For example, a car can get its driver from one side of a metropolis like New York City to the other in only a few hours. Cars also allow travellers to transport large numbers of items with them, a trait that is very useful to professionals commuting to and from work. These two abilities are simply not possible by bicycle. Thus, there is convincing support for the argument that cars are the optimal vehicle with which to travel around a city.

However, there are nevertheless several advantages to traversing a city by bicycle. For one, unlike a car, a bicycle does not produce harmful emissions, and this is much better for the cleanliness of a city. Bicycles are also small enough to navigate their way between cars, and this means they are less prone to delays due to traffic jams. In addition to this, their small size makes them easier to park, which can significantly reduce transportation related costs in a large city.

This discussion makes clear that both sides of the debate purport valid and convincing arguments that are relevant to the particular needs of the traveler, so it is difficult to declare one form of transport universally better than the other. In my personal case, transit via bicycle is best because I only travel short distances. Both cars and bicycles can be effective methods of city transport given specific circumstances.
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