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如何提高你的雅思写作分数·词汇量(附雅思写作范文)

更新时间:2018-10-06 11:43:05点击次数:819次字号:T|T
雅思写作评分标准(雅思写作TASK1评分标准雅思写作TASK2评分标准 )中就将词汇运用纳入考核范围。简而言之,这个标准就是要考察你的词汇量。考官是怎么考察的呢?一般他们会看你是否(在恰当的上下文中)使用了恰当的、准确的词,并且在含义和语法上没有出现任何错误。词汇量越大的考生,其雅思写作分数也就越高,其实在雅思考试中的每个部分都是如此的。



第1点雅思写作评分标准:你有足够的词汇去写出一篇好作文吗?


低分词汇量作文与高分词汇量作文的区别


根据雅思写作评分标准,低分作文常常出现重复单词或通篇使用不同单词去表达一件东西,看起来很冗余。此外,由于词汇量有限,整体作文要传达的信息可能会不清楚或不精确。


而高分作文考生一般对词汇的含义、语境以及语法的使用了如指掌,能够准确、恰当、精准地使用各种词汇。



提高词汇量的几点建议


平时注意找不同领域的阅读和听力材料,毕竟你事先无法知道你的TASK2作文题目是什么:也许会碰到时事类、教育类、抚养孩子类、环境类等题目。因此多听多看讨论类似话题的不同阅读和听力材料会对你有所帮助。

 
看雅思写作范文(文末提供)。你在没看过雅思写作范文之前,仅看雅思写作评分标准是很难知道雅思高分作文是什么样的。中加雅思•留学提供雅思作文题目和雅思写作范文,考生也可以在其他雅思练习册里找到范文。从范文中可以学到很多有用的单词和短语。
 
考生平时可以多积累单词和短语,在写task1作文的时候可用于描述看到的东西或进行比较,包括描述随时间的推移增加/减少,描述各种尺寸/度数的增加/减少(“slight,” “drastic,” “huge,” “minor,” “significant,”等),描述时间(“over the last 5 years,” “during this period,” “by 2017,” “from 2012 to 2018,”等)。


第2点雅思写作评分标准:你在用词、拼写方面出错了吗?


低分词汇量作文与高分词汇量作文的区别


这个非常简单:雅思写作分数低的文章有很多错误,分数高的文章没有。



提高词汇量的几点建议


提高你的用词(单词选择)能力。有条件的可以向以英语为母语的人请教用词方面的问题。字典往往是不够的 – 它并不会给出某个单词全部恰当/不恰当的用法。有时,你会觉得这个单词可以准确表达你想要表达的意思,但实际上却还包含了其他你没想过要表达的意思,这就不符合雅思写作评分标准了。此外请记住,英语中有许多“假象”,有些单词好像就是表达自己母语中的那个词的意思,但其实意思完全不同,如果用你的母语逐字翻译成英语往往会导致意思不准确。因此最好就是尝试直接用英语的思维去表达自己的想法。这需要多多练习,但却是值得的!

 
只有提高词汇量才有选词的余地! 
 

多多使用单词。如果您不确定自己用词是否准确,可以看看母语人士是如何使用这个词的。上网搜一下某个单词便能看到一些例句。您还可以使用所谓的“语料库”。如果您在语料库中搜索单词或短语,会看到例句列表。虽然在雅思写作评分标准中没有对英式、美式英语的要求,但要记住,他们对于同一个词的用法是不一样的。



第3点雅思写作评分标准:你在文章中使用的成语和搭配对吗?


低分词汇量作文与高分词汇量作文的区别


雅思写作分数低的文章几乎没有任何习语或搭配,就算有,也是错的。


高分作文不管问题类型如何变,都能很自然地使用习语和搭配去展开。


只是学习外语的习语和搭配是没有捷径的。只有通过不断接触,经常使用该语言去交流才能很好地掌握,最好是能有一个母语人士仔细帮你检查你的用法才能更接近雅思写作评分标准!



提高词汇量的几点建议


花点时间做一个有用的资源列表,并尝试在练习写作时用上列表中的东西:

搭配列表
成语列表
动词短语列表
例:
Phrasal Verb
Meaning
Example
abide by
To respect or obey a decision, a law or a rule
If you want to keep your job here, you must abide by our rules.
account for
To explain, give a reason
I hope you can account for the time you were out!
add up
To make sense, seem reasonable
The facts in the case just don’t add up.
advise against
To recommend not doing something
I advise against walking alone in this neighborhood.
agree with
To have the same opinion as someone else.
I agree with you. I think you should go as well.
allow for
To take into consideration
We need to allow for unexpected charges along the way.
appeal to
1. To plead or make a request
2. To be attractive or interesting
1. He appealed to the court to change its decision.
2. A vacation of sunbathing doesn’t appeal to me.


中加雅思·留学将提供《如何提高你的雅思写作分数》系列文章,从词汇、语法准确性和完整性等方面为考生提供备考参考,并附上雅思写作范文,请持续关注中加雅思·留学。



附雅思写作范文(高分)


Some people think that the government should invest money in arts and culture, while others believe the government should spend money on more important things. Discuss both views and give your opinion.


The manner in which a nation decides how to use public funding is an often debated topic. For some, providing financial support to a nation’s arts and culture is seen as necessary; however, others feel this money is best spent elsewhere. This essay will analyse both opinions before a reasoned conclusion is reached.


As many argue, fostering a nation’s arts and culture is a wise use of government funding. There are several merits to this position. For one, financially supporting the arts can help solidify historical record and understanding. In China, for example, a tremendous amount of money is spent every year to preserve and promote the traditions of the Beijing Opera. These efforts give modern people a window into the past, and this encourages worldwide understanding of China and its history. Another benefit is the manner in which a strong arts and culture scene promotes national identity.


Encouraging people to collectively identify with the historical art and culture produced in their nation establishes peace and stability in large countries like China. The advantages of this point of view are thus very clear.


Other people, however, feel such spending on arts and culture is wasteful and neglects a nation’s more pressing needs. For instance, an art gallery in my home city of Ottawa once spent over a million dollars on a large painting that displayed varying shades of white, a piece most people described as ‘dull’. Local residents found this municipal move distasteful and irresponsible given the fact that the money could have been put towards much needed social projects like helping the homeless find steady employment. It is thus understandable why many are proponents of this point of view.


The above discussion illustrates how nuances between countries make it impossible to recommend a set spending pattern for all governments. Nations are thus best to fund their arts and culture in accordance to their specific needs.

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