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【英语词法】Should 和 Would具体的英语单词用法+例句解析+习题,有区别又可混用

更新时间:2018-12-19 10:25:44点击次数:2241次字号:T|T

Should 和 Would英语词法的区别


Should 和 Would都是助动词(尤其是情态助动词),但这两个英语单词词法却不相同。 

Should是动词shall的过去式。作为助动词,should一般引导的是条件、义务、未来或概率。
Would是动词will的过去式。作为助动词,would一般用来表达可能性、意图、愿望、习惯或请求。

简而言之,使用should表达义务、必要性或预测; 使用would表达一种愿望或习惯性动作。
【英语词法】Should 和 Would具体的英语单词用法 - 中加雅思•留学(sino-ielts.com)




Should 和 Would英语单词用法例句


例1:We should learn to enjoy doing nothing. As a child, I would sit for hours by the river, simply watching, listening, and daydreaming.(我们应该学会享受无所作为。小时候,我会在河边坐几个小时,只是看、听、做白日梦。)

例2:"Judge Hammersley ... couldn't help overhearing his daughter, and he disliked her free and unreproachful tone with this man who was young when he should be old, single when he should be married, and penniless when he should be well fixed." (哈默斯利法官......忍不住偷听他女儿在说什么,他不喜欢这个年轻的男人,年纪那么大了看起来却也年轻,在结婚的年龄还单身,在应该有丰富积蓄的年龄还是身无分文,他也不喜欢女儿跟这个男人在一起时候那种不羁、不成熟的语气。 ) - 来源:Willa Cather, "Double Birthday."  The Forum, 1929

例3:"The fog has lifted enough for us to see the place where the sun should be, and it's brighter yet out by the Golden Gate and we take the little boat out and aim for the brightness, the way a real couple might on a Saturday afternoon."( 雾已散开,太阳已高挂在天空中,金色的门更亮了,我们坐着小船朝着亮光的地方划去,就像一对情侣在周六下午消遣时光一样。) – 来源:Pam Houston, Waltzing the Cat. Washington Square Press, 1998

例4:"In a newer hotel, he probably would have had a new phone, with lots of buttons he would never use but which would make him feel he had many resources at disposal." (在新酒店里,他很可能有一部新的按钮很多的手机,会让他感觉有很多资源可用。)-来源:Gish Jen, "Birthmates." Ploughshares. 1995

例5:"If I were two-faced, would I be wearing this one?" (如果我是个两面派,我会穿这个吗?) - By Abraham Lincoln

例6:"[S]he had great difficulty in playing to Richard's accompaniment. Suddenly her fingers would turn to thumbs, her wrists would flatten out and become cramped, her whole figure would hunch rigidly toward the piano and her beauty and grace would disappear." (她很难弹好理查德的伴奏。因为手指会突然都粘着拇指,手腕会变得僵硬,整个人都会呆板坐在钢琴前,没有了往日的美丽和优雅。) -来源:Tennessee Williams, "The Resemblance Between a Violin Case and a Coffin." Hard Candy: A Book of Stories, 1954




Should 和 Would英语词法使用说明


以下给出几个例句,详细说明在英式英语和美式英语里Should 和 Would英语词法的区别和不同的用法。

根据朗文语法(1999),Would几乎都是用于在过去时表达未来,例如:
I said I would expect to come. 我说过我可能会来。
You said you would expect to come. 你说过你可能会来。
They said they would expect to come. 他们说他们可能会来。

Should用来表达预测/意志,而would只是表示礼貌、尊敬、顺从。比较下列例句:
I should like to come. I would like to come. 
I should be delighted. I would be delighted. 

根据Pam Peters, The Cambridge Guide to English Usage. Cambridge University Press, 2004,should的其他用法都趋于情态动词的用法,表达义务和必要性,而would则还是表达意志、未来的可能性。”



Should, Would 和 Should/Would有区别又可混用


  • Should
这个动词( I should, you should, he/she/it should 等)用于谈论义务、在某些方面,用其他方式、应该。
例:

Everybody should wear car seat belts. (每个人都应该系好汽车安全带。)

She should be back tomorrow. (她明天应该回来。)



  • Would
这个动词(I would, you would, he/she/it would 等)用来谈论过去的习惯。

例:

When we were kids we would spend hours kicking a ball about, dreaming of being soccer internationals.(当我们还是孩子的时候,我们会花几个小时踢球,梦想成为足球国际球员。)



  • should/would

该动词常被用作“条件助词 ”,可混用: I should/would, you would, he/she/it would, we should/would, they would。在一般情况下,should/would被用作过去式,或者被用作shall/will的更不确定形式。在if条件句式下很常见。

例:

I told them we should/would probably be late.(我告诉他们我们应该/可能会迟到。)
I should/would be grateful for an early reply.(盼复)
Would you like some help?(请问您需要帮忙?)
If they could sing in tune it wouldn't be so bad.(如果他们能够合唱,那就不会那么糟糕了。)



Should和Would英语词法习题


a. When I was younger, I ______ often take the long way home after school.
b. We ______ try to be more patient with one another.

答案
Would
should

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